(1) The name is first mentioned in Ge 4:18-24. Here Lamech, the son of Methushael, is named as the last of the descendants of Cain. He was the father of Jabel, Jubal, Tubal-cain, and Naamah. As the husband of two wives, namely, Adah and Zillah, he furnishes the first recorded instance of polygamy. It is very instructive to note that this “father of polygamy” at once becomes the first blustering tyrant and a braggadocio; we are fully permitted to draw this conclusion from his so-called “swordlay” (Ge 4:23 f). He does not put his trust in God, but in the weapons and implements invented by his sons, or rather these instruments, enhancing the physical and material powers of man, are his God. He glories in them and misconstrues the Divine kindness which insured to Cain freedom from the revenge of his fellow-men.

(2) Another Lamech. is mentioned in Ge 5:25,28 (compare 1Ch 1:3; Lu 3:36), the son of Methuselah and the father of Noah. His words (Ge 5:29) show the great difference between this descendant of Seth and the descendant of Cain. While the one is stimulated to a song of defiance by the worldly inventions of his sons, the other, in prophetical mood, expresses his sure belief in the coming of better times, and calmly and prayerfully awaits the period of comfort and rest which he expected to be ushered in by his firstborn son Noah. He was 182 years old at the birth of Noah, and survived that event 595 years, making his total age 777.

Early Christians Were Called Atheists

One of the accusations against early Christians was atheism. Monotheism was not the norm in antiquity. It was an anomaly. In the ancient Mediterranean world virtually everyone agreed that there were many gods and that each home, association, city, ethnic group, or empire might have its own deities. Few were concerned with denying the legitimacy of other gods. The Christian focus on one God seemed the equivalent of denying the gods altogether. Christians refused to worship the traditional gods and also, judged by Roman-era criteria, they didn’t seem to practice even a recognizable form of religion. In the first couple of centuries Christians had no shrines, temples, altars, images, sacrificial rites or priesthood. Therefore early Christians were called atheists.

Names of Christians

Names Of Christians in early ages, are manifold, besides those found in the N.T. Thus the Church fathers used various appellations in describing Christians: Catholics, for while the Church remained one and undivided, it was properly called Catholic; Ecclesiastics, men of the Church; Dogmatics, men of the doctrine; Gnostics, men of knowledge. The names of reproach and derision heaped upon Christians were almost endless. The following are of importance in illustrating the condition of the primitive Church: Jews, for at first they were regarded merely as a Jewish sect; Nazarenes, always used in a bad sense; Galikeans, a name used by Julian the Apostate, who died with these words on his lips, “Vicisti, O Galilaee;” Greeks, for by the ancient Romans this was a term expressive of suspicion and contempt; Magicians, Sibyllists, from their being charged with corrupting the Sibylline books; Sarmentitii, from the fagots with which fires were kindled around martyrs at the stake; Senaxii, from the stake to which they were bound; Parabolani, from their being exposed to wild beasts; Βιαθάνατοι, self-murderers, because of their fearlessness of death; ῎Αθεοι, atheists; Νεώτεροι, new lights; , Σταυρολάτραι, worshippers of the cross; Plautinae prosapiae homines, pistores, men of the race of Plautus, bakers (Plautus is said to have hired himself to a baker to grind in his mill); Asinarii, worshippers of an ass; Abjecti, Creduli, Fatui, Hebetes, Idiotce, Imperiti, Lucifugae, Simplices, Stulti, Stupidi, etc.

The Divine Equipment

Wait for the promise of the Father. The great Head of the Church addressing its leaders. The Son of God speaking to those who themselves should receive power to become the sons of God, and to lift up the world into a Divine household. In the infancy of the Church all depended on simple obedience to orders. Immense evil from not waiting for God’s time and preparation. Here are the two guiding lights – the promise unfolding the prospect, the commandment marking out the way.


1. The extent of it. “The Father’s promise;” infinite as His love. Though faith was demanded, because sight of the future withheld, still the voice was the voice of infinite assurance.

2. The nature of the expectation. “You will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.” The gift already tasted, known by experience. We cannot be without “the earnest of the Spirit” if Christ’s. We yet must look for a fuller baptism, especially as meeting responsibilities and trials, anticipating work and fruits.


1. With the word of promise in mind, expecting the fulfillment, “not many days from now.”

2. In fellowship with one another and in prayer, that the heart may be open to the gifts, that they may be poured out upon all.

3. At Jerusalem, where the two dispensations meet, where the main action against the kingdom of darkness can best commence, where the facts of the gospel have already preceded you, and you can build on the foundation laid in Zion.

4. In self-renunciation and faithfulness, not in slothful indifference or depression. While we make the best of present opportunities, the larger open to us. Do the work of the day in the day, and so wait for the Promise of the Father. Individually, here is encouragement – grain of mustard seed will grow. Our Father must desire growth in us. Collectively, many applications – prospects of the Church and of the world. The true method of gathering in the masses, not by departing from Jerusalem before the time, but waiting till we are able to send out into the unconverted world the energy bestowed upon us.

Waiting for the Promise

It may be asked whether we are to expect that in all ages, a sufficient number of men will be raised up, bearing the primitive marks of a call from God, and of gifts from God; and our reply would be simply, “Remember the ten days.” There we see men whose commission had come from the lips of the Lord Jesus, whose training has been under His own eye, who have forsaken houses, and lands, and all that could bind them to secular avocations, who are ready to set forth upon the work of calling and warning a world that is “lying in the wicked one”; and yet day after day the inhibition lies upon them, that they are to wait until they are endued with power from on high. As we look at that spectacle — sinners dying, time rolling on, the Master looking down from His newly-ascended throne on the world which He has redeemed, seeing death bear away its thousands while His servants keep silence — there is in that silence a tone which booms through all the future, warning us that never, never, under the dispensation of the Spirit, are men to set out upon the embassy to Christ, be their qualifications or credentials what they may, until first they have been endued with power from on high, been baptized with tongues of fire. Better let the Church wait ever so long — better let the ordinances of God’s house be without perfunctory actors, and all, feeling sore need, be forced to cry with special urgency for fresh outpourings and baptisms of the Holy Ghost, to raise up holy ministers, than that, by any manner of factitious supply, substitutes should be furnished-substitutes no more ministers of God, than coals arranged in a grate are a fire; or than a golden candlestick with a wax taper, never kindled, is a light.

I have decided to follow Jesus – Sundar Singh (1889-1929)

I have decided to follow Jesus;
I have decided to follow Jesus;
I have decided to follow Jesus;
No turning back, no turning back.

The world behind me, the cross before me;
The world behind me, the cross before me;
The world behind me, the cross before me;
No turning back, no turning back.

Though none go with me, still I will follow;
Though none go with me, still I will follow;
Though none go with me, still I will follow;
No turning back, no turning back.

My cross I’ll carry, till I see Jesus;
My cross I’ll carry, till I see Jesus;
My cross I’ll carry, till I see Jesus;
No turning back, no turning back.

Will you decide now to follow Jesus?
Will you decide now to follow Jesus?
Will you decide now to follow Jesus?
No turning back, no turning back.

– Sundar Singh (1889-1929)

Sekti Jėzaus Pėdomis

Žinia apie kryžių yra tarsi medžio gabalas, kurį Mozė įmetė į kartų Maros vandenį, ir šis tapo saldus (Išėjimo 15:25).

Jėzus nešė kryžių, Jis veda mus skausmo keliu. Jei Jis nešė kryžių, ar galėtume trokšti garbingesnės naštos? Kryžiaus kelias – tai saugiausias kelias, nebijok jo erškėčiais apsodintų pakraščių.
– Čarlzas Sperdženis

Paimk kryžių ir Dievo Dvasios padedamas, tu jį pamilsi ir tapsi lyg Mozė, kuris paniekinimą dėl Kristaus vertino labiau nei Egipto turtus (Hebrajams 11:26). Viešpats tepadeda tavo dvasiai nusilenkti dieviškai valiai ir su šventa ir nuolankia širdimi sekti Nukryžiuotąjį. Tvirtai laikykis Kryžiaus ir sužinosi Jo žaizdų paslaptį.

Slavery to sin and depression

Before I knew what slavery to sin was or what sin meant, there was a time when I had never heard of these words or ideas, that was high-school up until 2nd year University (2007). I was 20 years old and I didn’t know that I was a sinner and that I was enslaved to sin and yet knowing something is wrong and without understanding it, kept me going deeper and deeper into reckless behavior and self destruction and the big word of today, depression.

I believe the Lord helped me understand that when we are slaves to sin it is the natural outcome that we become depressed. We are conscious that something is wrong even though we may not realize it and may not understand it and have no concept of sin or that we are in bondage to sin and this is our plight, this is depression, it is slavery to sin.

You can be trapped and know something is wrong but not know that you are trapped because that has never been revealed to you.

There are of course those who are trapped and slaves and feel no concern, in fact they feel at home in darkness and that is their delight, or else have become hardened to the point where there is no thought or bothering anymore.

I think this really puts a spotlight on the discussion about depression, if you see it in the light of how none of us are immune to sin and that in relation to sin there is only bondage and slavery, there is no friendship, only for those who feel at home in darkness.

Otherwise, you may not know it but you are a slave to sin, and that realization, even before you are aware of it and understand it, is the cause of depression.

And even when you are, for even believers can submit to sin and fail to submit fully to Christ and become enslaved to sin, which in the same way will not bring happiness which comes with walking in freedom from sin and joy in that freedom in Christ.

And so believers, those who are in Christ and have freedom can experience depression when they fail in some way or ways to submit to Christ and what He asks of them and therefore become slaves of sin through unrepentance and not conforming to walking with Christ.

2 Peter 2:19
They promise them freedom, but they themselves are slaves of corruption. For whatever overcomes a person, to that he is enslaved.

Early Church

They [Christians] were accustomed to meet before dawn and sing responsively a hymn to Christ as to God, and to bind themselves by oath not to falsify their trust, nor to refuse to return a trust when called upon to do so. When this was over, it was their custom to depart and to assemble again to partake of food–but ordinary and innocent food.
– Pliny the Younger, Roman governor of Bithynia and Pontus (modern Turkey) in a letter to Emperor Trajan c. 112.

But do you think that we conceal what we worship, if we have not temples and altars? And yet what image of God shall I make, since, if you think rightly, man himself is the image of God? What temple shall I build to Him, when this whole world fashioned by His work cannot receive Him? And when I, a man, dwell far and wide, shall I shut up the might of so great majesty within one little building? Were it not better that He should be dedicated in our mind, consecrated in our inmost heart?
– Octavius, Minucius Felix, c. 197.

John 4:19-24
The woman said to Him, Sir, I perceive that You are a prophet. Our fathers worshiped in this mountain, and you say that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship. Jesus said to her, Woman, believe Me, an hour is coming when neither in this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. An hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in Spirit and truth; for such people the Father seeks to be His worshipers. God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in Spirit and truth.

Martin Luther (1526): The right kind of evangelical order cannot be exhibited among all sorts of people, but those who are seriously determined to be Christians and confess the gospel with hand and mouth must enroll themselves by name and meet apart in one house, for prayer, for reading, to baptize, to take the Sacrament, and exercise other Christian works. With such order it would be possible for those who did not behave in a Christian manner to be known, reproved, restored, or excluded, according to the rule of Christ (Matt. 18:15). Here also they could, in common, subscribe alms, which would be willingly given and distributed among the poor, according to the example of Paul (2 Cor. 9:1-12). Here it would not be necessary to have much or fine singing. Here a short and simple way of baptism and the Sacrament could be practiced, and all would be according to the Word and in love. But I cannot yet order and establish such an assembly. In the meantime I will call, excite, preach, help forward it, until Christians take the Word so in earnest, that they will themselves find how to do it and continue in it. – E. H. Broadbent (The Pilgrim Church).

The church is a group of Christians drawn together by the Holy Spirit in a place where they work together. The members of the Body are connected to Christ. When the Lord brings one member together with another, they recognize Christ in each other. Jesus is what binds them together.

My First Love

Left your first love. This phrase may he illustrated by the warmth of feeling that exists in the first part of the relation of husband and wife. The word love is from AGAPE and its chief meaning is to have that regard for another that will cause one to be interested in his welfare and happiness. Such a love will prompt one even to go out of his way to do things to please the other. Likewise a Christian should have such a feeling for his brother and for Christ who is the bridegroom of the church.

The moral power of the Church and the believer is love. Things may appear outwardly fair and promising, and none but an Omniscient eye may see the lack inwardly, coldness of heart to Christ.

Nevertheless I have this against you –

Greek: But I have against you that you have left your first love.

They did not retain that strong and ardent affection for God and sacred things which they had when first brought to the knowledge of the truth, and justified by faith in Christ.

Remember – Consider the state of grace in which you once stood; the happiness, love, and joy which you felt when you received remission of sins; the zeal you had for God’s glory and the salvation of mankind; your willing, obedient spirit, your cheerful self-denial, your fervor in private prayer, your detachment from the world, and your heavenly-mindedness.

From where you have fallen – Fallen from all those blessed dispositions and gracious feelings mentioned. Remember what a loss you have sustained.

Repent – Be deeply humbled before God for having so carelessly guarded the Divine treasure.

Do the first works – Resume your former zeal and diligence; watch, fast, pray, reprove sin, carefully attend all the ordinances of God, walk as in His sight, and rest not till you have recovered all your lost ground, and got back the evidence of your acceptance with your Maker.

And will remove your candlestick – Remove your ministers, take away My ordinances, and send you a famine of the word. As there is here an allusion to the candlestick in the tabernacle and temple, which could not be removed without suspending the whole Levitical service, so the threatening here intimates that, if they did not repent, He would unchurch them; they should no longer have a pastor, no longer have the word and sacraments, and no longer have the presence of the Lord Jesus.

It is no uncommon thing that, when a church has lost the ardor of its first love, it is suffered more and more to decline, until the candlestick is removed – the church becomes wholly extinct, or vital piety is wholly gone, and all that remains is the religion of forms.

Christ has nothing against His people, His faithful ministers, and true churches, in a judicial way, or to their condemnation, for there is none to them that are in Him; but He has often many things to complain of in them, and to rebuke and chastise them for.

Nothing but the love of the bride can satisfy the Bridegroom; all zeal for His honour must flow from love.

The history of the Christian Church has been too full of zeal without love. The times immediately following the struggle against Arianism, and the Reformation in Germany, testify to the fact.

She had not left the object of her love, the Lord Jesus, whom she loved, but she had cooled in her spiritual affections to Christ and to His saints, which she had manifested in the day of her first espousals; which Christ well remembered and here reminded her of, as He did Israel of old.

Jeremijo 2:2
Taip kalba VIEŠPATS, Aš atmenu ištikimą tavo jaunystės meilę, kai tu mylėjai Mane, būdama sužadėtine, sekdama paskui Mane per dykumą, nesėjamą žemę.

Jeremiah 2:2
This is what the LORD says: I remember the devotion of your youth, how as a bride you loved Me and followed Me through the wilderness, through a land not sown.

Иеремии 2:2
так говорит Господь: Я вспоминаю о дружестве юности твоей, о любви твоей, когда ты была невестою, когда последовала за Мною в пустыню, в землю незасеянную.

Iyeremii 2:2
tak govorit Gospod’: YA vspominayu o druzhestve yunosti tvoyey, o lyubvi tvoyey, kogda ty byla nevestoyu, kogda posledovala za Mnoyu v pustynyu, v zemlyu nezaseyannuyu.

Hosea 2:14‭-‬15
However, in the future I will allure her; I will lead her back into the wilderness, and speak tenderly to her. From there I will give back her vineyards to her, and turn the “Valley of Trouble” into an “Opportunity for Hope.” There she will sing as she did when she was young, when she came up from the land of Egypt.

Ozėjo 2:14‭-‬15
Aš ją viliosiu, išvesiu į dykumą ir paguosiu ją. Aš ten jai duosiu vynuogynus ir Achoro slėnį­vilties vartus. Ji giedos ten kaip jaunystėje, kaip išėjusi iš Egipto krašto.

Осии 2:14‭-‬15
Посему вот, и Я увлеку ее, приведу ее в пустыню, и буду говорить к сердцу ее. И дам ей оттуда виноградники ее и долину Ахор, в преддверие надежды; и она будет петь там, как во дни юности своей и как в день выхода своего из земли Египетской.

Osii 2:14‭-‬15
Posemu vot, i YA uvleku yeye, privedu yeye v pustynyu, i budu govorit’ k serdtsu yeye. I dam yey ottuda vinogradniki yeye i dolinu Akhor, v preddveriye nadezhdy; i ona budet pet’ tam, kak vo dni yunosti svoyey i kak v den’ vykhoda svoyego iz zemli Yegipetskoy.

Ephesians 5:22‭-‬33
Wives, submit to your husbands as to the Lord, because the husband is the head of the wife as also Christ is the head of the church – he himself being the savior of the body. But as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit to their husbands in everything. Husbands, love your wives just as Christ loved the church and gave himself for her to sanctify her by cleansing her with the washing of the water by the word, so that he may present the church to himself as glorious – not having a stain or wrinkle, or any such blemish, but holy and blameless. In the same way husbands ought to love their wives as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. For no one has ever hated his own body but he feeds it and takes care of it, just as Christ also does the church, for we are members of his body. For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and will be joined to his wife, and the two will become one flesh. This mystery is great – but I am actually speaking with reference to Christ and the church. Nevertheless, each one of you must also love his own wife as he loves himself, and the wife must respect her husband.

Efeziečiams 5:22‭-‬33
Jūs, žmonos, būkite klusnios savo vyrams lyg Viešpačiui, nes vyras yra žmonos galva, kaip ir Kristus yra galva bažnyčios,­Jis kūno gelbėtojas. Todėl kaip bažnyčia paklūsta Kristui, taip ir žmonos visame kame teklauso savo vyrų. Jūs, vyrai, mylėkite savo žmonas, kaip ir Kristus pamilo bažnyčią ir atidavė už ją save, kad ją pašventintų, apvalydamas vandens nuplovimu ir žodžiu, kad pristatytų sau šlovingą bažnyčią, neturinčią dėmės nei raukšlės, nei nieko tokio, bet šventą ir nesuteptą. Taip ir vyrai turi mylėti savo žmonas kaip savo kūnus. Kas myli savo žmoną, myli save patį. Juk niekas niekada nėra nekentęs savo kūno, bet jį maitina ir globoja kaip ir Kristus bažnyčią. Mes gi esame Jo kūno nariai, iš Jo kūno ir kaulų. “Todėl žmogus paliks tėvą bei motiną ir susijungs su savo žmona, ir du taps vienu kūnu”. Tai didelė paslaptis,­aš tai sakau, žvelgdamas į Kristų ir bažnyčią. Taigi kiekvienas iš jūsų tegul myli savo žmoną taip, kaip save patį, o žmona tegerbia savo vyrą.

Ефесянам 5:22‭-‬33
Жены, повинуйтесь своим мужьям, как Господу, потому что муж есть глава жены, как и Христос глава Церкви, и Он же Спаситель тела. Но как Церковь повинуется Христу, так и жены своим мужьям во всем. Мужья, любите своих жен, как и Христос возлюбил Церковь и предал Себя за нее, чтобы освятить ее, очистив банею водною посредством слова; чтобы представить ее Себе славною Церковью, не имеющею пятна, или порока, или чего-либо подобного, но дабы она была свята и непорочна. Так должны мужья любить своих жен, как свои тела: любящий свою жену любит самого себя. Ибо никто никогда не имел ненависти к своей плоти, но питает и греет ее, как и Господь Церковь, потому что мы члены тела Его, от плоти Его и от костей Его. Посему оставит человек отца своего и мать и прилепится к жене своей, и будут двое одна плоть. Тайна сия велика; я говорю по отношению ко Христу и к Церкви. Так каждый из вас да любит свою жену, как самого себя; а жена да боится своего мужа.

Yefesyanam 5:22‭-‬33
Zheny, povinuytes’ svoim muzh’yam, kak Gospodu, potomu chto muzh yest’ glava zheny, kak i Khristos glava Tserkvi, i On zhe Spasitel’ tela. No kak Tserkov’ povinuyetsya Khristu, tak i zheny svoim muzh’yam vo vsem. Muzh’ya, lyubite svoikh zhen, kak i Khristos vozlyubil Tserkov’ i predal Sebya za neye, chtoby osvyatit’ yeye, ochistiv baneyu vodnoyu posredstvom slova; chtoby predstavit’ yeye Sebe slavnoyu Tserkov’yu, ne imeyushcheyu pyatna, ili poroka, ili chego-libo podobnogo, no daby ona byla svyata i neporochna. Tak dolzhny muzh’ya lyubit’ svoikh zhen, kak svoi tela: lyubyashchiy svoyu zhenu lyubit samogo sebya. Ibo nikto nikogda ne imel nenavisti k svoyey ploti, no pitayet i greyet yeye, kak i Gospod’ Tserkov’, potomu chto my chleny tela Yego, ot ploti Yego i ot kostey Yego. Posemu ostavit chelovek ottsa svoyego i mat’ i prilepitsya k zhene svoyey, i budut dvoye odna plot’. Tayna siya velika; ya govoryu po otnosheniyu ko Khristu i k Tserkvi. Tak kazhdyy iz vas da lyubit svoyu zhenu, kak samogo sebya; a zhena da boitsya svoyego muzha.